Qin The "First Emperor"
Qin was the first emperor of the first Chinese dynasty and was known for his power and brutality. He enforced many reforms such as purging all political enemies. To purge means to kill. He created provinces that had no political or military power at all. He even had the nerve to rid China of nobility and their private armies. He did just about every thing to make sure that everyone knew that he was in complete control or ultimate power. I suspect that you are beginning to dislike him and agree with us about his brutality. You weren’t the only one.
Many scholars didn’t agree with him either. When Qin caught word of this he had them buried alive and all books burned, except medical and farming books and books about himself of course. Although brutal, he also improved and constructed many important aspects of the Ancient Chinese dynasties. Qin standardized axle width, writing, currency, measurement. He even had the Great Wall fortified and finished. When he had the Great Wall built, many people died in the process from terrible weather, starvation and fatigue. When the Great Wall was complete, he sentenced some the remaining workers to death for fear that secrets would be told. He was able to have that many workers because the Chinese farmland was very fertile and they owned a surplus of food. This was possible because of an extraordinary irrigation system. He improved the irrigation system from its earlier state.
I bet you are wondering how he died. Was it A) assassination B) natural cause or C) his own mistake? It was C! He died because he tried to conjure up a potion to help him gain immortality; it just so happens that one of the ingredients was deadly. He died of an accidental death due to poisoning. He was buried in a huge tomb with thousands of clay warriors called the terracotta army to guard his resting place.
If Qin Had Not Been Authoritarian...
What Do You Predict What Would Have Happened to Qin’s Reforms if He had Not Been Such an Authoritarian Leader?
By the way, authoritarian means you govern your people in a brutal or unnecessary way.
What we think would happen to Qin’s reforms is they would have had a major change to the Chinese people living under his rule; for example many scholars wouldn’t have been buried alive, many people working on government projects (secret or not) wouldn’t have been killed to not reveal Qin’s government projects secrets (like most famous Great Wall of China.) Along with that, there would have been nobles and China would not have been unified under his supreme rule. If Qin had not been such an authoritarian ruler, weights, measurements, and writing would not have been standardized. Some reforms that Qin made were actually good; axle width was standardized on the 5,000 miles of roads he had built. Qin also made people carry passports when traveling. Even today this policy is enforced world wide and helps keep countries safe and protected from people who are terrorists. If Qin had not been such an authoritarian ruler, there would not have been a ban on books that challenged him or his ideas for the throne of China. If there would not have been a ban on books, people would have been able to express their ideas freely and more opinions would have been heard and considered. This is what Qin’s reforms were and what they did to China, realize that people in China suffered because of Qin back then, and be thankful that you did not live in China when it had Qin as a ruler.
Here's the next question, What was Qin famous for??? Was it A)Founding the country Vietnam? B)Starting the great wall of China?
or last but not least, C)Making the symbol Yin Yang? It was B! you may have heard about the Great Wall of China, but do you know it well?
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